Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease – including Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a lung disease that includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. In 80-90% of cases, it is caused by smoking. Other causes of COPD can include:
COPD develops over time. In most cases, COPD is diagnosed in people over 40 years of age. Someone with COPD may not realize that they are becoming more short of breath until it becomes very hard to do simple tasks like walking up stairs. When you have COPD, your lungs are obstructed or blocked, making it hard to breathe.
* The preceding was taken directly from Canadian Lung Association – https://www.lung.ca/copd.
Asthma is a chronic (lifetime) disease that makes your lungs very sensitive and hard to breathe. Asthma can’t be cured, but with proper treatment, people with asthma can lead normal, active lives.
If you have asthma, your airways (breathing passages) are very sensitive. Certain things can make your airways become:
With proper diagnosis, treatment, and preventative measures during cold and flu season, asthma can be managed. The gold standard for asthma diagnosis is spirometry.
* The preceding was taken directly from Canadian Lung Association – https://www.lung.ca/asthma, https://www.lung.ca/news/latest-news/survey-asthma-not-well-controlled-most-canadians